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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Manzo V, Ulisse K, Rodríguez I, Pereira E, Richter P
Article Title: A molecularly imprinted polymer as the sorptive phase immobilized in a rotating disk extraction device for the determination of diclofenac and mefenamic acid in wastewater.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2015.07.038
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003267015008958

Abstract: The microextraction of diclofenac and mefenamic acid from water samples was performed by using rotating disk sorptive extraction (RDSE) with molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) as the sorptive phase. The MIP was synthesized from the monomer 1-vinylimidazol (VI) together with the cross-linker divinylbenzene (DVB) using diphenylamine as the template molecule. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses of the MIP revealed clusters of spherical particles having a narrow size distribution, with diameters of approximately 1 μm. The optimized extraction conditions involved a disk rotation velocity of 3000 rpm, an extraction time of 120 min, a sample volume of 50 mL, and a sample pH of 2 as well as 25 mg of MIP immobilized in the disk. Desorption of the extracted analytes was performed with 5 mL of methanol for 10 min. Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was carried out after derivatization of the analytes with N-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-N-methyltrifluoroacetamide (MTBSTFA). Nonmolecularly imprinted polymer (NIP) was also synthesized for comparison. It was observed that under the same conditions, MIP extracted significantly more NSAIDs containing diphenylamine (or part of this molecule) in their structure than NIP. Higher significant differences between MIP and NIP were observed for diclofenac, mefenamic acid and paracetamol, clearly indicating the effect of the template on the extraction. Recoveries of the method were between 100-112%, with relative standard deviations of 5-6%. The limits of detection were between 60 and 223 ngL-1. Water samples from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) of Santiago de Chile, were found to contain concentrations of these acidic drugs between 1.6 and 4.3 μgL-1 and between 1.4 and 3.3 μgL-1 in the influent and effluent, respectively
Author keywords: Rotating-disk sorptive extraction, Molecularly imprinted polymer, Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, water, Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

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