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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Ren YM, Liu PX, Liu XL, Feng J, Fan ZJ, Luan TZ
Article Title: Preparation of zirconium oxy ion-imprinted particle for the selective separation of trace zirconium ion from water.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume: 431
Page numbers: 209-215.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2014.05.063
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021979714003798

Abstract: Zr(IV) oxy ion-imprinted particle (Zr-IIP) was prepared using the metal ion imprinting technique in a sol-gel process on the surface of amino-silica. The dosages of zirconium ions as imprinted target, (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTES) as a functional monomer and teraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) as a cross-linker were optimized. The prepared Zr-IIP and Zr(IV) oxy ion non-imprinted particle (Zr-NIP) were characterized. pH effect, binding ability and the selectivity were investigated in detail. The results showed that the Zr-IIP had an excellent binding capacity and selectivity in the water. The equilibrium data fitted well to the pseudo-second-order kinetic and the Langmuir model for Zr(IV) binding onto Zr-IIP, respectively. The saturate binding capacity of Zr-IIP was found to be 196.08 μmol g-1, which was 18 times higher than that of Zr-NIP. The sequence of binding efficiency of Zr-IIP for various ions was Zr(IV) > Cu(II) > Sb(III) > Eu(III). The coordination number has an important effect on the dimensional binding capacity. The equilibrium binding capacity of Zr-IIP for Zr(IV) decreased little under various concentrations of Pb(II) ions. The analysis of relative selectivity coefficient (Kr) indicated that the Zr-IIP had an appreciable binding specificity towards Zr(IV) although the competitive ions coexisted in the water. The Zr-IIP could serve as an efficient selective material for recovering or removing zirconium from the water environment
Template and target information: ziconium ion, Zr(IV)
Author keywords: Metal ion imprinting, Zr(IV), sol-gel, selectivity, Water environment

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