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Reference type: Journal
Authors: García-Mayor MA, Paniagua-González G, Soledad-Rodríguez B, Garcinuño-Martínez RM, Fernández-Hernando P, Durand-Alegría JS
Article Title: Occurrence of erythromycin residues in sheep milk. Validation of an analytical method.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Volume: 78
Page numbers: 26-32.
DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2014.12.020

Abstract: The paper describes a new and selective analytical sample treatment for quantitative extraction and preconcentration of erythromycin in presence of other macrolide antibiotics in sheep milk samples. The methodology is based on the use of a molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) employed as solid phase extraction sorbent (MISPE). The synthesized material by bulk polymerization using erythromycin (ERY) as template was evaluated as solid phase extraction sorbent, in a novel sample treatment technique that can be coupled to high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detector (HPLC-DAD). MIP selectivity was studied for other macrolide antibiotics with similar structures, such as tylosin (TYL), spiramycin (SPI), josamycin (JOS), roxithromycin (ROX) and ivermectin (IVER) getting recoveries for these interferents lower than 35%, for all cases except for ROX, which recoveries were around 85%. The variables affecting the molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) procedure were optimized to select the best conditions of selectivity and sensitivity to determine ERY at concentration levels established by EU legislation in sheep milk. Under the selected experimental conditions, quantification limit was 24.1 μg kg-1. Recoveries were higher than 98%, with RSDs between 0.7% and 2%. The proposed MISPE-HPLC method was validated and successfully applied to ERY analysis in sheep milk samples
Template and target information: erythromycin, ERY
Author keywords: Erythromycin, molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction, Sheep milk, HPLC-DAD

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