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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Lesniewska B, Trzonkowska L, Zambrzycka E, Godlewska-Zylkiewicz B
Article Title: Multi-commutation flow system with on-line solid phase extraction exploiting the ion-imprinted polymer and FAAS detection for chromium speciation analysis in sewage samples.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Analytical Methods
Volume: 7
Issue: (4)
Page numbers: 1517-1526.
DOI: 10.1039/C4AY02773F

Abstract: A multi-commutation flow analysis system using on-line solid phase extraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometric detection (MCFA-FAAS) was developed for the study of chromium speciation in sewage samples. A new chromium imprinted polymer was prepared and applied as a selective sorbent for the separation and preconcentration of Cr(III) ions. The polymer was prepared using a Cr(III)-8-hydroxyquinoline complex as a template, styrene as a functional monomer, and divinylbenzene as a crosslinking monomer using 2,2'- azobisisobutyronitrile as an radical initiator for bulk polymerization. The chromium imprinted polymer exhibits good chemical and mechanical stability, sorption capacity and selectivity towards Cr(III) ions. The analyte, Cr(III) ions, was quantitatively retained on the sorbent at pH 9, eluted with 0.3 mL of 0.1 mol L-1 nitric acid and determined by FAAS with a detection limit of 2.1 ng mL-1 and a 33-fold preconcentration factor obtained with a 10 min loading time. The MCFA-FAAS system is fully automated and enables analysis of 1 mL of sample in 4.5 min, which gives a throughput of 12 samples per hour. The accuracy of the proposed method was proved by analysis of a reference material of wastewater RES 10.2 (ielab). The method was successfully applied to the determination of trace amounts of Cr(III) in municipal sewage samples
Template and target information: chromium ion, Cr(III), Cr(III)-8-hydroxyquinoline complex


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