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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Klejn D, Lulinski P, Maciejewska D
Article Title: Desorption of 3,3'-diindolylmethane from imprinted particles: An impact of cross-linker structure on binding capacity and selectivity.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Materials Science and Engineering: C
Volume: 56
Page numbers: 233-240.
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2015.06.016

Abstract: Here, seven cross-linkers (six polar diacrylates or dimethacrylates of different lengths between double bonds, and one aromatic-divinylbenzene) were used to examine the impact of the cross-linker on binding capacity and selectivity of 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) imprinted material. DIM participates in the suppression of viability of human ovarian and human breast cancer cell lines, but has low bioavailability. The investigations of novel imprinted polymer matrices for improvement of DIM release could allow to utilize not only a potency of DIM but also similar alkaloids, which are the important compounds with pharmacological activity. The bulk, thermal radical copolymerization of the cross-linkers in the presence of 3,3'-diindolylmethane (the template) and allylamine (the functional monomer) in dimethyl sulfoxide or in carbon tetrachloride (porogens) was carried out. The binding capacities of imprinted and non-imprinted polymers were compared, and two polymers (these were prepared using ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the cross-linkers) with the highest selectivity and binding capacity were selected to desorption test. The desorption profile of polymer prepared using polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the cross-linker revealed sustained release of 3,3'-diindolylmethane, and this system was selected for further optimization of the cross-linker amounts. The morphology and structure of the selected particles were analyzed using SEM micrographs, 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy, and BET measurements. The desorption of 3,3'-diindolylmethane from poly(allylamine-co-polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate) particles was in accordance with pseudo-second-order kinetics and the simplified Higuchi model indicated the diffusion controlled release of 3,3'-diindolylmethane
Template and target information: 3,3'-diindolylmethane, DIM
Author keywords: Molecularly imprinted polymers, 3,3'-diindolylmethane, cross-linker, Binding properties, Desorption, sustained release

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