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Reference type: Book Chapter
Authors: Ye L
Publication date: 2015
Chapter title: Synthetic Strategies in Molecular Imprinting.
Chapter number: 1
Page numbers: 1-24.
DOI: 10.1007/10_2015_313 Alternative URL: http://www.springer.com/978-3-319-20728-5

Book title: Molecularly Imprinted Polymers in Biotechnology
Editors: Mattiasson B, Ye L
Publisher: Springer
City: Berlin,Heidelberg
ISBN: 978-3-319-20728-5
Series title: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology

Abstract: This chapter introduces the basic principle and the synthetic aspects of molecular imprinting. First, the use of a molecular template to guide the location of functional groups inside molecularly imprinted cavities is explained. Three different mechanisms that ensure a molecular template associates with functional monomers or the imprinted polymers, that is, through reversible covalent, noncovalent, and sacrificial covalent bonds, are then described. The main focus is put on noncovalent molecular imprinting using free radical polymerization. The merits of using classical radical polymerization and more sophisticated, controlled radical polymerization are analyzed. After these synthetic chemistry aspects, the chapter continues to discuss the different polymerization processes that can be used to prepare well-defined polymer monoliths, microspheres, and nanoparticles. New top-down processing techniques that produce micro- and nanopatterns of imprinted polymers are also reviewed. The chapter finishes with a brief introduction to using imprinted polymers as building blocks to construct new functional materials and devices, which we consider as one important direction for further development
Template and target information: Review - MIP synthesis
Author keywords: affinity separation, Free radical polymerization, molecular imprinting, molecular recognition, template

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