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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Brambilla G, Fiori M, Rizzo B, Crescenzi V, Masci G
Article Title: Use of molecularly imprinted polymers in the solid-phase extraction of clenbuterol from animal feeds and biological matrices.
Publication date: 2001
Journal: Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume: 759
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 27-32.
DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4347(01)00199-2

Abstract: Clenbuterol molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) as chromatographic stationary phase for the solid-phase extraction (SPE) of the drug from biological samples have been prepared. Propylene columns filled with 500 mg of clenbuterol MIPs have been tested with respect to their loading capacity, memory effects, selectivity toward related drugs (mabuterol, clenproperol, clenisopenterol, ritodrine) and specificity toward interferences arising from heterogeneous matrices such as animal feeds, bovine urine and liver. Analytes were concentrated on Extrelut 20 columns and the residues resuspended in 70% acetonitrile. Application, washing and elution fractions were collected and analyzed by HPLC-diode array detection. Results indicate this MIP approach in SPE is extremely selective for clenbuterol, mabuterol, clenproperol and clenisopenterol (>95% found in the eluate), with a loading capacity of about 20 mug/100 mg of stationary phase. Ritodrine showed a recovery rate of 51%. The molecular recognition mechanism is so specific to allow clenbuterol detection and identification by conventional detectors at level of interest (ppb) also from complex matrices such as feeds, urine and Liver. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved

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