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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Blanco-Lˇpez MC, Lobo-Casta˝ˇn MJ, Miranda-Ordieres AJ, Tu˝ˇn-Blanco P
Article Title: Voltammetric sensor for vanillylmandelic acid based on molecularly imprinted polymer-modified electrodes.
Publication date: 2003
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 18
Issue: (4)
Page numbers: 353-362.
DOI: 10.1016/S0956-5663(02)00151-3
Alternative URL:

Abstract: Despite the increasing number of applications of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) in analytical chemistry, the construction of a biomimetic voltammetric sensor remains still challenging. This work investigates the development of a voltammetric sensor for vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) based on acrylic MIP-modified electrodes. Thin layers of MIPs for VMA have been prepared by spin coating the surface of a glassy carbon electrode with the monomers mixture (template, methacrylic acid, a cross-linking agent and solvent), followed by in situ photopolymerisation. After extraction of the template molecule, the peak current recorded with the imprinted sensor after rebinding was linear with VMA concentration in the range 19-350 μg ml(-1), whereas the response of the control electrode is independent of incubation concentration, and was about one-tenth of the value recorded with the imprinted sensor at the maximum concentration tested. Under the conditions used, the sensor is able to differentiate between VMA and other closely structural-related compounds, such as 3-methoxy-4- hydroxyphenylethylene glycol (not detected), or 3,4- and 2,5- dihydroxyphenilacetic acids, which are adsorbed on the bare electrode surface but not at the polymer layer. Homovanillic acid was detected with the imprinted sensors after incubation, indicating that the presence of both methoxy and carboxylic groups in the same position as in VMA is necessary for effective binding in the imprinted sites. Nevertheless, both species can be differentiated by the oxidation potential. It can be concluded that MIP-based voltammetric electrodes are very promising analytical tool for the development of highly selective analytical sensors. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved
Template and target information: vanillylmandelic acid, VMA

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