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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Fu Y, Finklea HO
Article Title: Quartz crystal microbalance sensor for organic vapor detection based on molecularly imprinted polymers.
Publication date: 2003
Journal: Analytical Chemistry
Volume: 75
Issue: (20)
Page numbers: 5387-5393.
DOI: 10.1021/ac034523b

Abstract: Molecularly imprinted polymers on quartz crystal microbalances (QCM) are examined for their ability to detect vapors of small organic molecules with greater sensitivity and selectivity than the traditional amorphous polymer coatings. Hydroquinone and phenol serve as noncovalently bound templates that generate shape-selective cavities in a poly(acrylic) or poly(methacrylic) polymer matrix. The imprinted polymers are immobilized on the piezoelectric crystal surface via a precoated poly(isobutylene) layer. The behavior of the imprinted polymer films is characterized by the dynamic and steady-state response of the QCM frequency to pulses of organic vapors in dry air. The apparent partition coefficients are determined. for imprinted and nonimprinted polymers prepared by two synthetic methods and for varying mole ratios of template to monomer. The hydroquinone-imprinted polymers and, to a lesser extent, the phenol-imprinted polymers exhibit greater sensitivity and higher selectivity than the nonimprinted polymers toward organic vapors that are structurally related to the templates. These results indicate that molecularly imprinted polymers are promising for the development of selective piezoelectric sensors for organic vapor detection

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