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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Davies MP, de Biasi V, Perrett D
Article Title: Approaches to the rational design of molecularly imprinted polymers.
Publication date: 2004
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
Volume: 504
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 7-14.
DOI: 10.1016/S0003-2670(03)00812-2

Abstract: In our experience the efficient design of molecularly imprinted polymer (MIPs) for novel templates has proved difficult. Following commonly used imprinting protocols, MIPs designed against one template show both a lack of capacity and poor specificity for rebinding either the template or structurally similar analytes. Optimisation methods that involve changing one factor at a time can be laborious. A novel approach for the optimisation of MIPs using chemometrics is described. Sulfonamides, common drug residues in foodstuffs, were used as the model analytes with a methacrylic acid/ethylene glycol dimethacrylate MIP. To avoid the inaccuracies in measurement caused by template bleed a multi-analyte competition rebind assay was developed to select suitable sulfonamides to be used as the template for the MIP, and for the rebind analyte in the chemometric optimisation study. The rebinding efficiencies were monitored by HPLC. The template sulfonamide was selected as sulfamethazine (SMZ), and the rebind analyte as sulfadimethoxine (SDIM). The template: monomer: cross-linker (T:M:X) ratio of the SMZ block MIP was then optimised using a three-level full factorial design to predict a MIP with the highest rebind capacity. On synthesis this was 38.8% for SDIM in a solid phase extraction (SPE) application agreeing with the predication. The factorial design was further utilised to predict an optimum T:M:X ratio for the production of a class specific MIP, capable of binding a range of sulfonamides simultaneously. The predicted optimum T:M:X ratios of (1:10:55) and (1:10:10) were found to be different to commonly used ratios from the MIP literature. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

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