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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Pérez-Moral N, Mayes AG
Article Title: Noncovalent imprinting in the shell of core-shell nanoparticles.
Publication date: 2004
Journal: Langmuir
Volume: 20
Issue: (9)
Page numbers: 3775-3779.
DOI: 10.1021/la0356755

Abstract: Propranolol was imprinted using noncovalent interactions in the shell of core-shell nanoparticles prepared by aqueous emulsion polymerization in the presence and absence of toluene. The imprinted particles were characterized, and their capacity to rebind propranolol from both organic and aqueous media was analyzed. Results showed that the amount of template incorporated into the polymer and the presence of toluene as a "porogenic" agent influenced the ability of the nanoparticles obtained to rebind propranolol. The presence of toluene during imprinting increased rebinding by about 2-fold in buffer and by 3-fold in toluene, compared with similar materials made in the absence of toluene during imprinting. It also influenced the final surface area of the particles. Binding site affinity, assessed by radioligand displacement, was measured as IC50 values of about 1-10 muM. This compares with about 3 muM for bulk polymer made with a similar composition. Finally, to demonstrate the advantages of structured particles for analytical applications a new property, fluorescence, was incorporated into the core of the particles without interfering with the imprinted shell and its ability to rebind propranolol

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