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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Matsui J, Minamimura N, Nishimoto K, Tamaki K, Sugimoto N
Article Title: Synthetic cinchonidine receptors obtained by cross-linking linear poly(methacrylic acid) derivatives as an alternative molecular imprinting technique.
Publication date: 2004
Journal: Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume: 804
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 223-229.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2004.01.063

Abstract: A molecular imprinting approach to construct synthetic receptors was examined, wherein a linear pre-polymer bearing functional groups for intermolecular interaction with a given molecule is cross-linked in the presence of the molecule as a template, and subsequent removal of the template from the resultant network-polymer is expected to leave a complementary binding site. Poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) derivatized with a vinylbenzyl group as a cross-linkable side chain was utilized as the pre-polymer for the molecular imprinting of a model template, (-)-cinchonidine. Selectivity of the imprinted polymer was evaluated by comparing the retentions of the original template, (-)-cinchonidine and its antipode (+)- cinchonine in chromatographic tests, exhibiting a selectivity factor up to 2.4. By assessment of the imprinted polymers in a batch mode, a dissociation constant at 20degreesC for (-)- cinchonidine was estimated to be K-d = 2.35 x 10(-6) M (the number of binding sites: 4.54 x 10(-6) mol/g-dry polymer). The displayed affinity and selectivity appeared comparable to those of an imprinted polymer prepared by a conventional monomer- based protocol, thus showing that the pre-polymer, which can be densely cross-linked, is an alternative imprinter for developing template-selective materials. (-)-Cinchonidine- imprinted polymers were prepared and assessed using the pre- polymers bearing different densities of the vinylbenzyl group and different amounts of the cross-linking agent to examine the appropriate density of the cross-linking side chain that was crucial for developing the high affinity and selectivity of the imprinted polymers. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

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