Abstract: Uniform-sized molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) beads were prepared using a one-step swelling and polymerization method. The obtained sulfamethazine (SMZ)-imprinted polymer showed high affinity and selectivity toward SMZ and other structurally related sulfonamides in acetonitrile or water-acetonitrile mobile phases, particularly in high aqueous systems. The column performance of the MIPs for SMZ and its analogues could be improved by elevating the column temperature and optimizing the flow rate. The hydrogen-bonding effect plays a significant role in the recognition process of SMZ-imprinted polymer systems in organic media, while the ion-exchange effect, as well as hydrophobic effect, dominantes the retention mechanism in aqueous-rich media, in addition to shape recognition. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Template and target information: sulfamethazine
Author keywords: molecularly imprinted polymer, bead, sulfamethazine, chromatographic stationary phase, one-step swelling and polymerization