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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Courtois J, Fischer G, Sellergren B, Irgum K
Article Title: Molecularly imprinted polymers grafted to flow through poly(trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate) monoliths for capillary-based solid-phase extraction.
Publication date: 2006
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1109
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 92-99.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2005.12.014
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TG8-4HWX8YD-G/2/b795f10239a3cb090f4b9ec9fa331ed6

Abstract: Monolithic molecularly imprinted polymers (mMIPs) have been synthesized in a novel way using a trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate core material photo-polymerized in situ in a 100 μm I.D. UV-transparent capillary and further photo-grafted to create specific cavities in the grafted layer. This polymerization technique allows the imprints to be directly created on the surface of the material using a minimum amount of template. Three different anaesthetics of similar structures (bupivacaine, mepivacaine and S-ropivacaine) were used as model target molecules to synthesize sample enrichment media. Hence, various mMIPs have been prepared and evaluated on a micro-system against each analyte in order to test the retention properties and cross-selectivities of the materials. The retention factors were determined and compared with the non-imprinted reference column (mNIP), yielding high imprinting factors together with good selectivity factors between the three analytes. A study with a pure enantiomeric target was carried out to assess the degree of stereo-specific imprinting for injection of racemic mixtures. Finally, one column was imprinted with an equimolar mixture of all three anaesthetics to provide further comprehension of the retention mechanism and accredit the possibility of using the material as a sample enrichment entity. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen absorption/desorption (BET) and mercury intrusion porosimetry were used to characterize the monolith and the mMIPs properties. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been used to assess the similarities between the mMIP and mNIP
Template and target information: bupivacaine, mepivacaine, S-ropivacaine
Author keywords: molecularly imprinted polymer, bupivacaine, monolith, Capillary, liquid chromatography

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