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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Wu JM, Luan MM, Zhao JY
Article Title: Trypsin immobilization by direct adsorption on metal ion chelated macroporous chitosan-silica gel beads.
Publication date: 2006
Journal: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume: 39
Issue: (4-5)
Page numbers: 185-191.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2006.03.017
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T7J-4JJ6F09-1/2/bff99d76a7553fc561ff9cd0c6c8e29a

Abstract: Silica gel bead coated with macroporous chitosan layer (CTS-SiO2) was prepared, and the metal immobilized affinity chromatographic (IMAC) adsorbents could be obtained by chelating Cu2+, Zn2+, Ni2+ ions, respectively on CTS-SiO2, and trypsin could be adsorbed on the IMAC adsorbent through metal-protein interaction forces. Batch adsorption experiments show that adsorption capacity for trypsin on these IMAC adsorbent variated with change of pH. The maximal adsorption reached when the solution was in near neutral pH in all three IMAC adsorbents. Adsorption isothermal curve indicated that maximal adsorption capacity could be found in the Cu2+-CTS-SiO2 with the value of 4980 +/- 125 IU g-1 of the adsorbent, while the maximal adsorption capacity for trypsin on Zn2+ and Ni2+ loaded adsorbent was 3762 +/- 68 IU g-1 and 2636 +/- 53 IU g-1, respectively. Trypsin immobilized on the IMAC beads could not be desorbed by water, buffer and salt solution if the pH was kept in the range of 5-10, and could be easily desorbed from the IMAC beads by acidic solution and metal chelating species such as EDTA and imidazole. The effect of chelated metal ions species on CTS-SiO2 beads on the activity and stability of immobilized trypsin was also evaluated and discussed. Trypsin adsorbed on Zn-IMAC beads retained highest amount of activity, about 78% of total activity could be retained. Although the Cu-IMAC showed highest affinity for trypsin, only 25.4% of the calculated activity was found on the beads, while the activity recovery found on Ni-IMAC beads was about 37.1%. A remarkable difference on stability of trypsin immobilized on three kinds of metal ion chelated beads during storage period was also found. Activity of trypsin on Cu-IMAC decreased to 24% of its initial activity after 1-week storage at 4 [deg]C, while about 80% activity was retained on both Ni-IMAC and Zn-IMAC beads. Trypsin immobilized on Zn-CTS-SiO2 could effectively digest BSA revealed by HPLC peptide mapping
Author keywords: IMAC adsorbent, chitosan, trypsin, immobilization, Activity

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