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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Kaulpiboon J, Pongsawasdi P, Zimmermann W
Article Title: Molecular imprinting of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases from Paenibacillus sp A11 and Bacillus macerans with γ-cyclodextrin.
Publication date: 2007
Journal: FEBS Journal
Volume: 274
Issue: (4)
Page numbers: 1001-1010.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2007.05649.x

Abstract: Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase catalyzes the formation of a mixture of cyclodextrins from starch by an intramolecular transglycosylation reaction. To manipulate the product specificity of the Paenibacillus sp. A11 and Bacillus macerans cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases towards the preferential formation of γ-cyclodextrin (CD8), crosslinked imprinted proteins of both cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases were prepared by applying enzyme imprinting and immobilization methodologies. The crosslinked imprinted cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases obtained by imprinting with CD8 showed pH and temperature optima similar to those of the native and immobilized cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases. However, the pH and temperature stability of the immobilized and crosslinked imprinted cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases were higher than those of the native cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases. When the catalytic activities of the native, immobilized and crosslinked imprinted cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases were compared, the efficiency of the crosslinked imprinted enzymes for CD8 synthesis was increased 10-fold, whereas that for cyclodextrin hydrolysis was decreased. Comparison of the product ratios by high-performance anion exchange chromatography showed that the native cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases from Paenibacillus sp. A11 and Bacillus macerans produced CD6 : CD7 : CD8 : >= CD9 ratios of 15 : 65 : 20 : 0 and 43 : 36 : 21 : 0 after 24 h of reaction at 40 degrees C with starch substrates. In contrast, the crosslinked imprinted cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases from Paenibacillus sp. A11 and Bacillus macerans produced cyclodextrin in ratios of 15 : 20 : 50 : 15 and 17 : 14 : 49 : 20, respectively. The size of the synthesis products formed by the crosslinked imprinted cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases was shifted towards CD8 and >= CD9, and the overall cyclodextrin yield was increased by 12% compared to the native enzymes. The crosslinked imprinted cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases also showed higher stability in organic solvents, retaining 85% of their initial activity after five cycles of synthesis reactions
Template and target information: bioimprinting, γ-cyclodextrin
Author keywords: cross-linked imprinted proteins, cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase, cyclodextrins, molecular imprinting, product specificity


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