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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Heegaard NHH, Nilsson S, Guzman NA
Article Title: Affinity capillary electrophoresis: important application areas and some recent developments.
Publication date: 1998
Journal: Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume: 715
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 29-54.
DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4347(98)00258-8

Abstract: Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) is a broad term referring to the separation by capillary electrophoresis of substances that participate in specific or non-specific affinity interactions during electrophoresis. The interacting molecules can be found free in solution or can be immobilized to a solid support. Every ACE mode has advantages and disadvantages. Each can be used for a wide variety of applications. This paper focuses on applications that include purification and concentration of analytes present in diluted solutions or complex matrices, quantitation of analytes based on calibration curves, and estimation of binding constants from direct and derived binding curves based on quantitation of analytes or on analyte migration shifts. A more recent chemicoaffinity strategy in capillary electrophoresis/capillary electrochromatography (CE/CEC) termed molecular imprinting ('plastic antibodies') is discussed as well. Although most ACE studies are aimed at characterizing small- molecular mass analytes such as drugs, hormones, and peptides, some efforts have been pursued to characterize larger biopolymers including proteins, such as immunoglobulins. Examples of affinity interactions that have been studied are antigen-antibody, hapten- antibody, lectin-sugar, drug-protein, and enzyme-substrate complexes using ultraviolet, laser-induced fluorescence, and mass spectrometer detectors. This paper also addresses the critical issue of background electrolyte selection and quantitation of analytes. Specific examples of bioaffinity applications are presented, and the future of ACE in the biomedical field is discussed. (C) 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V

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