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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Kamata K, Kawai T, Iyoda T
Article Title: Anion-controlled redox process in a cross-linked polyviologen film toward electrochemical anion recognition.
Publication date: 2001
Journal: Langmuir
Volume: 17
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 155-163.
DOI: 10.1021/la001145m

Abstract: The highly selective recognition of halide ions by a cross- linked polyviologen film was demonstrated electrochemically. The film was prepared on an electrode by electropolymerization of a branched monomer with three polymerizable groups, 1,3,5- tris(4'-cyanopyridinio-l'-methyl)-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene tribromide, to form a highly cross-linked polyviologen, through successive reductive coupling of the cyanopyridinium moieties. The highly cross-linked structure is built up by the formed viologen skeleton, incorporating the electrolyte anion used as the template to fabricate a kind of cavity structure complementary in size to the electrolyte anion, called anion- imprinted electropolymerization. The resulting cross-linked polyviologen film exhibits highly selective anion recognition in the redox process. The anion-controlled redox process was investigated quantitatively by multilateral analyses with cyclic voltammetry, potential-step chronoamperometry, and electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance measurement coupled with visible absorption spectrophotometry. A highly selective size exclusion effect by the cavity structure fabricated in the anion-imprinted electropolymerization was demonstrated in the redox process of the viologen moiety in different kinds of aqueous electrolytic solutions. From the systematic study of the anion size recognition using a series of halide ions, not only the precisely fabricated cavity structure but also the anion diffusion dynamics in the cavities successfully running are suggested

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