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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Tierney S, Stokke BT
Article Title: Development of an Oligonucleotide Functionalized Hydrogel Integrated on a High Resolution Interferometric Readout Platform as a Label-Free Macromolecule Sensing Device.
Publication date: 2009
Journal: Biomacromolecules
Volume: 10
Issue: (6)
Page numbers: 1619-1626.
DOI: 10.1021/bm900218c

Abstract: Development of an oligonucleotide functionalized hydrogel integrated on a high resolution interferometric readout platform capable of determining changes in optical length of the hydrogel with 2 nm resolution is described. The hydrogels were designed with hybridized dioligonucleotides grafted to the polymer network making up a network junction point in addition to the covalent cross-links. The hybridized dioligonucleotide network junctions were made with a 10 basepair complementary region flanked by additional basepairs that could aid in destabilizing the junction points in competitive displacement hybridization by the added probe oligonucleotides. The probe oligonucleotide destabilizing the junction point thus induces swelling of the functionalized hydrogel that is sensitive to the concentration of the probe, the sequence, and matching length between the probe and sensing oligonucleotide. This design yields a molecular amplification of the change in the optical length of the gel at least 5-fold compared to a hydrogel where sensing functionality is based on hybridization with a grafted oligonucleotide that is not a part of a network junction. Concentration sensitivity applied for specific label-free detection of oligonucleotide is estimated to be in the nanomolar region. Applications of the resulting oligonucleotide imprinted hydrogel for label-free sensing of probe oligonucleotide sequences or taking advantage of the oligonucleotide sequences designed with aptamer functionalities for determination of other types of molecules are discussed

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