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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Borghard WG, Calabro DC, DiSanzo FP, Disko MM, Diehl JW, Fried JC, Markowitz MA, Zeinali M, Melde BJ, Riley AE
Article Title: Characterization and Testing of Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas as Potential Selective Benzene Adsorbents.
Publication date: 2009
Journal: Langmuir
Volume: 25
Issue: (21)
Page numbers: 12661-12669.
DOI: 10.1021/la901334z

Abstract: The effects of surface imprinting on the adsorption and desorption properties of benzene- and diethylbenzene-bridged periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) acting as GC stationary-phase preconcentration sorbents for benzene and xylene were examined. Surface-imprinted and nonimprinted PMOs with diethylbenzene (DEB), benzene (BENZ), and ethane (BTSE) bridges and nonimprinted mesoporous silica (MCM-41) were prepared via well-established surfactant templating synthetic methods. The imprinted materials were synthesized using a surfactant demonstrated to produce trinitrotoluene (TNT) selective sorbents with increased adsorption capacity for cresol and 4-nitrophenol as well as TNT. Powder XRD and nitrogen sorption measurements revealed that all of the materials were mesoporous with the DEB materials having a random pore structure and lower surface area than the other materials which had ordered pore structures. Results for maximum uptake of benzene and p-xylene indicate a small but consistent positive effect on the adsorption of benzene and p-xylene due to surface imprinting. Comparing the surface area normalized uptakes (mg/m2) for materials having the same organic bridge with and without imprinting (DEB vs TDMI-DEB and BENZ vs TDMI-BENZ) shows that in seven of eight comparisons the imprinted analogue had a higher aromatic uptake. The imprinted samples showed higher weight normalized uptakes (mg/g) in five of eight cases. When used as a GC stationary phase, the organosilica materials yield more symmetrical chromatographic peaks and better separation than MCM-41, indicating superior trapping of BTX analytes, particularly at low concentrations. Additionally, these materials rapidly desorb the preconcentrated compounds
Template and target information: benzene, xylene

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