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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Chen LG, Zhang XP, Xu Y, Du XB, Sun X, Sun L, Wang H, Zhao Q, Yu AM, Zhang HQ, Ding L
Article Title: Determination of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in environmental water samples based on magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer extraction followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Publication date: 2010
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
Volume: 662
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 31-38.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2010.01.001
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TF4-4Y4PVPD-3/2/7a54e5e5c686457ad0c5346906768b20

Abstract: A simple method based on magnetic separation for selective extraction of fluoroquinolones (FQs) from environmental water samples has been developed using magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer (MMIP) as sorbent. The MMIP has been prepared using ciprofloxacin as template molecule, methacrylic acid as functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linking agent and Fe3O4 magnetite as magnetic component. The polymer has been characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry and vibrating sample magnetometry. Various parameters affecting the extraction efficiency were evaluated in order to achieve optimal concentration and reduce non-specific interactions. The analytes desorbed from the polymers were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The matrix effect was evaluated by using different washing solvents for removing interfering compounds from the MMIPs after sample loading. Under the optimal conditions, the linearity of the method obtained is in the range of 20-2000 ng L-1. The detection limits of FQs are in the range of 3.2-6.2 ng L-1. The relative standard deviations of intra- and inter-day tests ranging from 2.5 to 7.2% and from 3.6 to 9.1% are obtained. In all three spiked levels (20, 100 and 200 ng L-1), the recoveries of FQs are in the range of 76.3-94.2%. The proposed method was successfully applied to determine FQs including ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, lomefloxacin, levofloxacin, fleroxacin and sparfloxacin in different water samples, such as lake water, river water, primary and final sewage effluent. Ciprofloxacin and fleroxacin were found in primary and final sewage effluent samples with the contents in the range of 26-87 ng L-1
Template and target information: ciprofloxacin, fluoroquinolones, FQs, enrofloxacin, lomefloxacin, levofloxacin, fleroxacin, sparfloxacin
Author keywords: Magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer, Fluoroquinolone antibiotics, environmental water, Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

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