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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Martínez Bueno MJ, Herrera S, Uclés A, Agüera A, Hernando MD, Shimelis O, Rudolfsson M, Fernández-Alba AR
Article Title: Determination of malachite green residues in fish using molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography-linear ion trap mass spectrometry.
Publication date: 2010
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
Volume: 665
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 47-54.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2010.03.001
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TF4-4YJ6GHT-2/2/c826642088ed40e34647065b73048b40

Abstract: This paper describes the development of an analytical procedure to determine malachite green (MG) residues in salmon samples using molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) as the extraction and clean-up material, followed by liquid chromatography-linear ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-QqQLIT-MS/MS). MG and two structurally related compounds, crystal violet (CV) and brilliant green (BG) were employed for the selectivity test. The imprinted polymers exhibited high binding affinity for MG, while CV and BG showed less binding capacity: 47% and 34%, respectively. The recovery values of MG in salmon samples fortified with leucomalachite green (LMG) were determined by measuring the amount of MG in the sample, after carrying out the oxidation reaction with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ), which converts the LMG back into chromic-form. The average recovery of MG in spiked salmon muscle over the concentration range 1-100 ng g-1 was 98% with a relative standard deviation value (R.S.D.) below 12%. The method detection limits (MDLs) obtained for MG, CV, BG and their leuco-metabolites were in the range of 3-20 ng kg-1 (ppt)
Template and target information: malachite green, MG
Author keywords: molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), Malachite green, Crystal violet, Brilliant green, Leuco-metabolites, Fish, Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS)

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