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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Berti F, Todros S, Lakshmi D, Whitcombe MJ, Chianella I, Ferroni M, Piletsky SA, Turner APF, Marrazza G
Article Title: Quasi-monodimensional polyaniline nanostructures for enhanced molecularly imprinted polymer-based sensing.
Publication date: 2010
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 26
Issue: (2)
Page numbers: 497-503.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2010.07.063
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TFC-50KWFVG-1/2/ab53760335fcaa7350dac02fb347de7f

Abstract: Recent advances in nanotechnology have allowed significant progress in utilising cutting-edge techniques associated with nanomaterials and nano-fabrication to expand the scope and capability of biosensors to a new level of novelty and functionality. The aim of this work was the development and characterisation of conductive polyaniline (PANI) nanostructures for applications in electrochemical biosensing. We explore a simple, inexpensive and fast route to grow PANI nanotubes, arranged in an ordered structure directly on an electrode surface, by electrochemical polymerisation using alumina nanoporous membranes as a 'nano-mould'. The deposited nanostructures have been characterised electrochemically and morphologically prior to grafting with a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) receptor in order to create a model sensor for catechol detection. In this way, PANI nanostructures resulted in a conductive nanowire system which allowed direct electrical connection between the electrode and the synthetic receptor (MIP). To our knowledge, this is the first example of integration between molecularly imprinted polymers and PANI nanostructured electrodes. The advantages of using nanostructures in this particular biosensing application have been evaluated by comparing the analytical performance of the sensor with an analogous non-nanostructured MIP-sensor for catechol detection that was previously developed. A significantly lower limit of detection for catechol has been obtained (29 nM, one order of magnitude), thus demonstrating that the nanostructures are capable of improving the analytical performance of the sensor
Template and target information: catechol
Author keywords: polyaniline, Nanostructure, biosensor, Molecularly imprinted polymers

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