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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Wang B, Wang YZ, Yang H, Wang JQ, Deng AP
Article Title: Preparation and characterization of molecularly imprinted microspheres for selective extraction of trace melamine from milk samples.
Publication date: 2011
Journal: Microchimica Acta
Volume: 174
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 191-199.
DOI: 10.1007/s00604-011-0613-4

Abstract: We describe molecularly imprinted microspheres (MIMs) for the selective extraction of melamine from milk. The MIMs were made from melamine as the template molecule, methacrylic acid as the functional monomer, and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the linking agent. The MIMs were synthesized by suspension polymerization and characterized by rebinding experiments. They displayed high adsorption capacity, fast rebinding kinetics, and highly specific rebinding of melamine. The imprinting factor is 4.1. Scatchard analysis revealed a one-type rebinding behavior, the dissociation constant and maximum rebinding capacity being 37.59 g L-1 and 30.85 μmol g-1, respectively. The MIMs exhibited a 25% cross-reactivity towards atrazine, but less than 3.0% towards prometryn, clenbuterol and metronidazole. In addition, a MIM-based solid phase extraction (MISPE) column for melamine was prepared by packing MIMs into a common SPE cartridge. The MISPE extraction gave recoveries of 89.8 to 100.6% of melamine, with relative standard deviations of 5.9 to 7.5%. There was no significant loss of rebinding capacity after more than 60 repeated uses, thus demonstrating the high stability of the MISPE column. The MSPE column also was applied to the extraction of melamine from spiked liquid and powdered milk with satisfying accuracy and precision
Template and target information: melamine
Author keywords: Molecular imprinted microspheres (MIMs), Melamine, extraction, Milk sample

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