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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Zhong QS, Hu YF, Hu YL, Li GK
Article Title: Dynamic liquid-liquid-solid microextraction based on molecularly imprinted polymer filaments on-line coupling to high performance liquid chromatography for direct analysis of estrogens in complex samples.
Publication date: 2012
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1241
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 13-20.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.04.017
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967312005742

Abstract: A novel sample preparation technique termed dynamic liquid-liquid-solid microextraction (DLLSME) was developed and on-line coupled to high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for direct extraction, desorption, and analysis of trace estrogens in complex samples. The DLLSME consists of the aqueous donor phase, the organic medium phase and the molecularly imprinted polymer filaments (MIPFs) as solid acceptor phase. The organic solvent with lesser density was directly added on top of the aqueous sample, and the dynamic extraction was performed by circulating the organic solvent through the MIPFs inserted into a PEEK tube which served as an extraction and desorption chamber. Afterwards, the extracted analytes on the MIPFs were on-line desorbed and then introduced into the HPLC for analysis. To evaluate the feasibility of the on-line system, a new DLLSME-HPLC method was developed for the analysis of five estrogens in aqueous samples by using 17β-estradiol MIPFs as the solid phase. Under the optimized conditions, the enrichment factors of 51 - 70, limits of detection of 0.08 - 0.25 μg/L and precision within 4.5 - 6.9% were achieved. Furthermore, the proposed method was applied to the analysis of real samples including urine, milk and skin toner, satisfactory recovery (81.9 - 99.8%) and reproducibility (4.1 - 7.9%) were obtained. Especially, 0.59 μg/L of 17β-estradiol was determined in female urine sample. The DLLSME offers an attractive alternative for direct analysis of trace analytes in aqueous samples and could potentially be extended to other adsorptive materials
Template and target information: 17β-estradiol
Author keywords: Dynamic liquid-liquid-solid microextraction, Molecularly imprinted polymer filaments, on-line, Direct analysis, Estrogen

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