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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Tabandeh M, Ghassamipour S, Aqababa H, Tabatabaei M, Hasheminejad M
Article Title: Computational design and synthesis of molecular imprinted polymers for selective extraction of allopurinol from human plasma.
Publication date: 2012
Journal: Journal of Chromatography B
Volume: 898
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 24-31.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2012.04.009
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023212002231

Abstract: The present study was focused on the rational development of polymers for selective extraction of allopurinol (ALP) from human plasma. Therefore, a computational modeling approach was combined with the molecular imprinting technology to obtain the polymers. The computational approach was used in order to screen the functional monomers as well as the polymerization solvents for rational design of molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs). It was based on the comparison of the binding energy (Δ E) of the formed complexes between the template molecule and different functional monomers. In the design, the effect of the polymerization solvent was also included using the polarizable continuum model. The theoretical calculation results showed that among virtual solvents tested, acrylamide (AAM) gave the largest Δ E while acrylonitrile (ACN) gave the smallest Δ E in acetone. Therefore, the MIP prepared using AAM as functional monomer in acetone was desired. To examine the validity of this approach, three MIPs were synthesized with different functional monomers i.e. AAM, acrylic acid (AA), and ACN, and then evaluated using Langmuir - Freundlich (LF) isotherm. The results obtained from this experiment confirmed the computational results that the MIP prepared by AAM was the most appropriate adsorbent. Subsequently, the MIP was used to develop a molecular imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) procedure. Finally, the MISPE procedure followed by HPLC was developed for selective extraction and determination of allopurinol in human plasma. For the proposed MISPE method, the linearity between peak area and concentration was found in the range of 0.100 - 25.000 μM with a linear regression coefficient (R2) of 0.995. The limit of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) in plasma were 0.028 and 0.093 μM, respectively. The results of this study indicated the possibility of using computer aided design for rational selection of functional monomers and solvents for preparation of the MIPs capable of extracting allopurinol from human plasma
Template and target information: allopurinol, ALP
Author keywords: Molecular Imprinted Polymers (MIP), Allopurinol, Bonding energy, computational approach


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