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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Djozan D, Farajzadeh MA, Sorouraddin SM, Baheri T
Article Title: Molecularly imprinted-solid phase extraction combined with simultaneous derivatization and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction for selective extraction and preconcentration of methamphetamine and ecstasy from urine samples followed by gas chromatography.
Publication date: 2012
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1248
Page numbers: 24-31.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.05.085
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967312008175

Abstract: In this study, a developed technique was reported for extraction and pre-concentration of methamphetamine (MAMP) and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) from urine samples using molecularly imprinted-solid phase extraction (MISPE) along with simultaneous derivatization and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME). Molecularly imprinted microspheres as sorbent in solid phase extraction (SPE) procedure were synthesized using precipitation polymerization with MAMP as the template. Aqueous solution of the target analytes was passed through MAMP-MIP cartridge and the adsorbed analytes were then eluted with methanol. The collected eluate was mixed with butylchloroformate which served as the derivatization reagent as well as the extraction solvent. The mixture was immediately injected into deionized water. After centrifugation, 1 μL of the settled organic phase was injected into gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Various experimental parameters affecting the performance of both of the steps (MISPE and DLLME) were thoroughly investigated. The calibration graphs were linear in the ranges of 10 - 1500ngmL-1 (MAMP) and 50 - 1500 ng mL-1 (MDMA), and the detection limits (LODs) were 2 and 18 ng mL-1, respectively. The relative standard deviations (%RSDs) obtained for six repeated experiments (100 ng mL-1 of each drug) were 5.1% and 6.8% for MAMP and MDMA, respectively. The relative recoveries obtained for the analytes in human urine samples, spiked with different levels of each drug, were within the range of 80 - 88%
Template and target information: methamphetamine, MAMP, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA, ecstasy
Author keywords: Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction, gas chromatography, Methamphetamine, molecularly imprinted polymer, solid phase extraction

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