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Reference type: Book Chapter
Authors: Chianella I, Karras K, Lakshmi D, Whitcombe MJ, Marson S
Publication date: 2012
Chapter title: Conductive Polymers for Plastic Electronics.
Chapter number: 12
Page numbers: 275-301.
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-56331-6.00012-8

Book title: Molecularly Imprinted Sensors
Editors: Li SJ, Ge Y, Piletsky SA, Lunec J
Publisher: Elsevier
City: Amsterdam
ISBN: 978-0-444-56331-6

Abstract: Since the discovery of conductive polymers, scientists have devoted great efforts to successfully synthesizing conductive polymers, which combine the processing and mechanical properties of ''conventional insulating polymers'' with the electrical and optical properties of metals. Nowadays the use of conductive polymers in commercial products is still limited, due to the partial success achieved in producing materials with high conductivity and real plastic characteristics. Once better conductive plastics are developed, the potential applications can be endless, ranging from organic bioelectronics to plastic electronic components for sensors and biosensors. The difficulty in trying to process conductive polymers using the methods normally utilized by the polymer industry (e.g., injection molding) arises from the fact that these materials are not intrinsically thermoplastic. Over the last two to three decades, scientists have tried different approaches to produce thermoplastic polymers with high conductivity. In this chapter, after a brief history of conductive polymers, these approaches are reviewed, with particular emphasis on polyaniline. A section that describes micro-injection molding and highlights the thermoplastic characteristics required by the material used for the process is also included. Finally, possible improvements of such materials (e.g., molecular recognition) achieved by applying the molecular imprinting technology are also mentioned
Template and target information: Review - Electrically conducting polymers

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