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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Tsai TC, Han HZ, Cheng CC, Chen LC, Chang HC, Chen JJJ
Article Title: Modification of platinum microelectrode with molecularly imprinted over-oxidized polypyrrole for dopamine measurement in rat striatum.
Publication date: 2012
Journal: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume: 171-172
Page numbers: 93-101.
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2011.07.052

Abstract: A highly sensitive and selective electrochemical microelectrode using the molecularly imprinted (MIP) electropolymer of over-oxidized polypyrrole (OPPy) was proposed for in vivo detection of dopamine (DA) which process is different from current approaches for in vitro DA detection using MIP-based macroelectrode. The proposed MIP electrosynthesized by our present method under a DA/pyrrole-monomer concentration ratio of 1 mM/10 mM yielded the best results for DA adsorption, reaching 2.6-fold that of similar microelectrodes without imprinting. Differential normal pulse voltammetry techniques was used to evaluate the DA-imprinted OPPy microelectrodes for demonstrating high selectivity for in vitro DA detection under conditions with various competitive electroactive molecules. The validity of the modified OPPy-MIP thin-film microelectrodes was further verified with amperometric i - t measurements, which showed a lower DA levels of detection (10 - 100 nM) and the low detection limit of 4.5 nM with signal to noise ratio of 3. Good reproducibility with relative standard deviation of 5.45% and long-term stability within two weeks were also observed. The developed OPPy-MIP microelectrode has been successfully applied for acute in vivo DA detection in the striatum of anesthetized rats with 3,4-dihydroxy-l-phenylalanine (l-DOPA) administration, which can be used for future evaluation of novel therapeutic treatments in Parkinsonian rats
Template and target information: dopamine, DA
Author keywords: dopamine, molecularly imprinted polymer, Over-oxidized polypyrrole, Differential normal pulse voltammetry, Parkinson's disease

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