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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Nickel AML, Seker F, Ziemer BP, Ellis AB
Article Title: Imprinted poly(acrylic acid) films on cadmium selenide. A composite sensor structure that couples selective amine binding with semiconductor substrate photoluminescence.
Publication date: 2001
Journal: Chemistry of Materials
Volume: 13
Issue: (4)
Page numbers: 1391-1397.
DOI: 10.1021/cm0009367

Abstract: Molecularly imprinted films of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) have been coated onto n-CdSe in order to make the band-edge photoluminescence (PL) of the semiconductor respond selectively to the imprinting analyte. This strategy has been implemented using PAA films deposited in the presence of ammonia and trimethylamine analytes. PAA films have been characterized by IR spectroscopy, which indicates that binding of either analyte nearly reversibly deprotonates the polymer carboxylic acid groups. PL measurements suggest that the imprinted PAA coatings serve as sieves for selective surface binding: In. contrast to the bare CdSe surface, which responds both to ammonia and trimethylamine with reversible enhancements in PL intensity, CdSe coated with ammonia-imprinted PAA (AI-PAA) films exhibits reversible PL changes toward ammonia but no response to trimethylamine. The PL changes for the AI-PAA films can be fit to a dead-layer model that indicates that ammonia binding reduces the CdSe depletion width by similar to 100 Angstrom an effect comparable to that seen for the bare surface. Binding constants of similar to 10(3) M-1, estimated using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model, are similar for adsorption of ammonia onto bare and AI-PAA-coated CdSe surfaces. Coating the CdSe substrate with trimethylamine-imprinted PAA (TI-PAA) Rims leads to PL responses to both ammonia and trimethylamine, presumably reflecting larger imprint pores that are less sterically demanding. Implications for chemical sensing using these composite structures are discussed

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