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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Duan YP, Dai CM, Zhang YL, Ling C
Article Title: Selective trace enrichment of acidic pharmaceuticals in real water and sediment samples based on solid-phase extraction using multi-templates molecularly imprinted polymers.
Publication date: 2013
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
Volume: 758
Page numbers: 93-100.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2012.11.010
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003267012016509

Abstract: A novel multi-templates molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP), using acidic pharmaceuticals mixture (ibuprofen (IBP), naproxen (NPX), ketoprofen (KEP), diclofenac (DFC), and clofibric acid (CA)) as the template, was prepared as solid-phase extraction (SPE) material for the quantitative enrichment of acidic pharmaceuticals in environmental samples and off-line coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Washing solvent was optimized in terms of kind and volume for removing the matrix constituents nonspecifically adsorbed on the MIP. When 1 L of water sample spiked at 1 μg/L was loaded onto the cartridge, the binding capacity of the MIP cartridge were 48.7 μg/g for KEP, 60.7 μg/g for NPX, 52 μg/g for CA, 61.3 μg/g for DFC and 60.7 μg/g for IBP, respectively, which are higher than those of the commercial single template MIP in organic medium (e.g. toluene) reported in the literature. Recoveries of the five acidic pharmaceuticals extracted from 1 L of real water samples such as lake water and wastewater spiked at 1 μg/L were more than 95%. The recoveries of acidic pharmaceuticals extracted from 10-g sediment sample spiked at the 10 ng/g level were in the range of 77.4 - 90.6%. To demonstrate the potential of the MIP obtained, a comparison with commercial C18 SPE cartridge was performed. Molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) cartridge showed higher recoveries than commercial C18 SPE cartridge for acidic pharmaceuticals. These results showed the suitability of the MISPE method for the selective extraction of a group of structurally related compounds such as acidic pharmaceuticals
Template and target information: ibuprofen, IBP, naproxen, NPX, ketoprofen, KEP, diclofenac, DFC, clofibric acid, CA, multiple templates
Author keywords: acidic pharmaceuticals, Multi-templates molecularly imprinted polymer, Solid-phase extraction, Real water, Sediment

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