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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Mafu LD, Msagati TAM, Mamba BB
Article Title: Ion-imprinted polymers for environmental monitoring of inorganic pollutants: synthesis, characterization, and applications.
Publication date: 2013
Journal: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume: 20
Issue: (2)
Page numbers: 790-802.
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-012-1215-3

Abstract: Ion imprinting has become one of the fast-growing technologies that have gained a lot of attention recently especially in the area of materials science. One of them is called the ion-imprinted polymers (IIPs). The IIPs are synthesized on the principles of enzyme phenomenon whereby a polymer is altered by a polymerization that takes place in the presence of a template that will be later removed to create cavities that will recognize only the analyte of interest. This specific and selective affinity for the target species decreases the chances of competition with other different types of ions. The imprinting technique started with the discovery of the bulk polymerization method where by the monomer, initiator, crosslinker, and template are mixed together and allowed to polymerize, and then the resulting polymer is ground and sieved to get particles with sizes suitable for the polymer's application. The IIPs have got some attractive qualities for use in environmental applications which include their stability and inexpensiveness and have a wide range of synthesis options with each suiting a certain unique application. Apart from environmental work, IIPs have applications in many other areas such as in membranes, in drug delivery, and in biosensors as alternatives to antibodies just to mention a few. This review focuses on the synthesis, types of imprinting, characterization, and applications of IIPs
Template and target information: Review - MIPs for ions, Review - ion-imprinting
Author keywords: characterization, Ion-imprinted polymers, immobilization, imprinting

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