Abstract: A new stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) coating based on molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) with diethylstilbestrol as replaced template molecule was prepared. The influences of the contents of template molecule and monomer in the polymerization mixture on the extraction performance of MIP-SBSE were investigated thoroughly. The MIP was characterized by elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy and infrared spectroscopy. In order to evaluate the usability of the new coating, the MIP-SBSE was combined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and diode array detector (DAD) with dienestrol (DS) and hexestrol (HS) as detected solutes. To achieve optimally selective extraction performance for DS and HS, several parameters, including extraction and desorption times, desorption solvent, ionic strength and pH value in sample matrix were investigated. The results showed that under the optimized experimental conditions, the present method has high selectivity and sensitivity. When drying-redissolving procedure was taken during sample preparation, the limits of detection for DS and HS were as low as 0.04 μg/L and 0.14 μg/L, respectively. Good linearities were obtained for analytes with the correlation coefficients (R2) above 0.99. Finally, the proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of DS and HS in wastewater, honey and cow urine samples. The recoveries of spiked target compounds in real samples ranged from 61.3% to 120%. The developed method is simple, selective, sensitive and applicable for the analysis of trace DS and HS in complicated samples.
Template and target information: dienestrol, DS, hexestrol, HS
Author keywords: Stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE), diethylstilbestrol, molecularly imprinted polymer, extraction, dienestrol, hexestrol