Abstract: A novel strategy for improving the sensitivity of molecular imprinted electrochemical sensor was proposed and dopamine (DA) was selected as the template molecular in this assay. The electroactive membrane of poly-bromophenol blue (BB) which was polymerized on the electrode surface acted as molecular imprinted membrane of DA. To prepare poly-BB-DA MIP, CV scans were performed for 30 cycles in the potential range between -1.0 and 1.8 V at 50 mV/s in an Acetate buffer solution (pH=4.0) containing 1.0 x 10-3 mol/L DA and 3.0 x 10-3 mol/L BB at 25 °C. The MIP electrode was washed by methanol (50% in volume) for 12 min to remove template molecules. DPV was performed after the rebinding reaction of the DA and the MIP membrane in DA sample solutions for 6 min. With the increasing of the DA concentration, the binding sites in the membrane taken by DA molecules also increased, so was the peak current in the DPV analysis. The sensitivity was improved significantly due to the signal amplifying effect produced by the catalytic effect of electro oxidation of dopamine on BB membrane. The experimental conditions were also optimized. Electrochemical measurements for the MIP membrane characterization were carried out in the supporting electrolyte of 0.01 mol/L K3[Fe(CN)6] solution containing 0.5 mol/L KCl. CV was performed from -0.2 to 0.6 V at a scan rate of 100 mV/s. DPV was performed in the supporting electrolyte of 0.1 mol/L PBS (pH 7.4) over a potential range of -0.1 to 0.6 V, with the pulse amplitude of 50 mV and the scan rate of 50 mV/s. All measurements were carried out at room temperature (25 °C). DA was determined by DPV, and there was a linear relationship between oxidation currents and DA concentrations in the range of 0~1.2 x 10-6 mol/L with a detection limit of 1.62 x 10-10 mol/L. This is one of the most sensitive sensors for DA determination due to the catalytic oxidation of DA on electroactive MIP.
Template and target information: dopamine, DA
Author keywords: molecular imprint, electro-catalysis, dopamine, sensor, poly-bromophenol blue