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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Tadi KK, Motghare RV
Article Title: Rational synthesis of pindolol imprinted polymer by non-covalent protocol based on computational approach.
Publication date: 2013
Journal: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Volume: 19
Issue: (8)
Page numbers: 3385-3396.
DOI: 10.1007/s00894-013-1856-2

Abstract: Pindolol (PDL) is a potent and specific adrenoreceptor blocking agent. It is widely used in the treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia and angina pectoris. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are synthetic receptors having potential applications in drug delivery systems and devices such as diagnostic sensors. In the present work, ab initio quantum mechanical simulations and computational screening were used to identify functional monomer having best interactions with PDL. A virtual library of 16 functional monomers was built and the possible minimum energy conformation of the monomers and PDL were calculated using Hartree-Fock (HF) method for the synthesis of PDL imprinted polymer. The interaction energy between functional monomer and the template were corrected by means of basis set superposition error (BSSE) in all pre-polymerization complexes. The hydrogen bonding between PDL and functional monomer was evaluated by changes in bond lengths before and after complex formation. The virtual template-monomer complex with highest interaction energy is more stable during the polymerization and leads to high selectivity and specificity toward the template. The interaction energy of PDL was found to be the highest with itaconic acid followed by 4-vinyl pyridine and least with acrylonitrile. Taking a spectroscopic viewpoint, results obtained from analysis of the harmonic infrared spectrum were examined. Red and blue shifts related to the stretching frequencies of either donors or acceptors of protons were identified and compared experimentally. Stoichiometric mole ratio of template to functional monomer was optimized and confirmed by UV visible spectra titrations. The theoretical results were correlated by evaluation of binding parameters of MIPs. The experimental binding results were in good agreement with theoretical computations
Template and target information: pindolol, PDL
Author keywords: BSSE, computational approach, hydrogen bonding, L-F isotherm, Molecularly imprinted polymers, Pindolol

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