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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Weller M
Article Title: Immunoassays and Biosensors for the Detection of Cyanobacterial Toxins in Water.
Publication date: 2013
Journal: Sensors
Volume: 13
Issue: (11)
Page numbers: 15085-15112.
DOI: 10.3390/s131115085
Alternative URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/13/11/15085

Abstract: Algal blooms are a frequent phenomenon in nearly all kinds of fresh water. Global warming and eutrophication by waste water, air pollution and fertilizers seem to lead to an increased frequency of occurrence. Many cyanobacteria produce hazardous and quite persistent toxins, which can contaminate the respective water bodies. This may limit the use of the raw water for many purposes. The purification of the contaminated water might be quite costly, which makes a continuous and large scale treatment economically unfeasible in many cases. Due to the obvious risks of algal toxins, an online or mobile detection method would be highly desirable. Several biosensor systems have been presented in the literature for this purpose. In this review, their mode of operation, performance and general suitability for the intended purpose will be described and critically discussed. Finally, an outlook on current developments and future prospects will be given
Template and target information: Review - assays and sensors for cyanobacterial toxins
Author keywords: algal toxins, cyanotoxins, biotoxins, blue-green algae, harmful algal blooms, microcystins, nodularins, anatoxin-a, anatoxin-a(s), cylindrospermopsin, saxitoxins

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