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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Ebrahimzadeh H, Behbahani M
Article Title: A novel lead imprinted polymer as the selective solid phase for extraction and trace detection of lead ions by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry: Synthesis, Characterization and Analytical Application.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Arabian Journal of Chemistry
Issue: (0)
DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.017

Abstract: A novel ion imprinted polymer as the selective solid phase combined with flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was applied for preconcentration and determination of lead in real samples. In the first step, Pb(II)-IIP was synthesized by copolymerization of 2-vinyl pyridine as the functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the cross-linker, 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile as the initiator that imprinted with Pb(II) as the template ion, 2-amino pyridine as the ligand. Subsequently, the imprinted Pb(II) was completely removed by leaching the dried and powdered imprinted polymer with HCl (2 mol L-1).This polymer was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer. The effect of different variables on the extraction efficiency such as type and volume of eluent for extraction, solution's pH for adsorption, adsorption and desoption times were evaluated. Under the optimum conditions: type of eluent, HCl (2 mol L-1); volume of eluent, 5 mL; solution's pH for sorption, 5; sorption time, 90 min; desorption time, 125 min and breakthrough volume of 750 mL were obtained. Preconcentration factor of the method was about 150. The limit of detection was obtained 0.75 μg L-1 and a dynamic linear range (DLR) of 3-150 μg L-1 was found. The maximum sorption retention capacity of Pb(II) ions on the imprinted polymer was 85.6 mg g-1. The prepared ion-imprinted polymer particles have an increased selectivity toward Pb(II) ions over a range of competing metal ions with the same charge and similar ionic radius. Performance of the present method was evaluated for extraction and determination of Pb(II) in water samples at microgram per liter concentration and satisfactory results were obtained (RSD= 2.7%)
Author keywords: Ion Imprinted Polymer, Lead, Water samples, Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy


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