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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Johnson BJ, Malanoski AP, Leska IA, Melde BJ, Taft JR, Dinderman MA, Deschamps JR
Article Title: Adsorption of organophosphates from solution by porous organosilicates: Capillary phase-separation.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: Microporous And Mesoporous Materials
Volume: 195
Page numbers: 154-160.
DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2014.04.031
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1387181114002108

Abstract: The adsorption characteristics for paraoxon, diazinon, and structurally related compounds by hierarchical diethylbenzene-bridged organosilicate sorbents are reported here. Adsorption behavior was found to deviate from the expected Langmuir-Freundlich binding isotherm. Instead, capillary phase-separation within the pores of the sorbent structure occurred when presented with these targets in aqueous solution. This behavior has not been widely reported, but it is similar to the pore condensation observed in gas adsorption studies. The behavior is a result of the pore sizes, the availability of interaction sites on the pore walls, and the miscibility of the targets (solutes) with water (solvent). Adsorption of targets from aqueous solution was observed to follow a hybrid Freundlich-BET binding isotherm. Adsorption of the targets from octanol solutions was observed to follow the Langmuir-Freundlich binding isotherm as was adsorption of more soluble targets such as p-nitrophenol. With the increasing numbers of applications described for mesoporous materials, this phenomenon will likely be more frequently encountered. The range of conditions utilized in characterization of sorbents should be considered carefully
Template and target information: paraoxon, diazinon
Author keywords: Periodic mesoporous organosilica, Hierarchical material, Capillary phase separation, binding isotherm, Pore condensation

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