Abstract: Molecular imprinting, which belonged to the category of supra molecular chemistry, was the process of preparation of polymer molecule with high specific and selective recognition, which based target molecule as template. Because of the structural predetermination, specific recognition and practical features, molecularly imprinted polymers attracted worldwide attention. Molecular imprinted polymers exhibited both advantages of highly stero- and enantio-selective recognition and strong resistance against corrosion. Therefore, MIPs were used extensively in biotechnology, clinical medicine, environmental monitoring, food industries and so on. The development course of molecular imprinting technique, preparation principles and methods and application in the field of solid-phase extraction, chromatographic separation, membrane separation and sensor were reviewed in this paper. And the application of molecular imprinting in high liquid chromatography, thin layer chromatography, capillary electrophoresis and sensor were also discussed. Finally, this technology in analysis and test was prospected.
Template and target information: Review - MIPs
Author keywords: molecular imprinting, Solid-phase extraction, chromatographic stationary phases, membrane separation, sensor