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Reference type: Journal
Authors: He YH, Huang YY, Jin YL, Liu XJ, Liu GQ, Zhao R
Article Title: Well-Defined Nanostructured Surface-Imprinted Polymers for Highly Selective Magnetic Separation of Fluoroquinolones in Human Urine.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volume: 6
Issue: (12)
Page numbers: 9634-9642.
DOI: 10.1021/am5020666

Abstract: The construction of molecularly imprinted polymers on magnetic nanoparticles gives access to smart materials with dual functions of target recognition and magnetic separation. In this study, the superparamagnetic surface-molecularly imprinted nanoparticles were prepared via surface-initiated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization using ofloxacin (OFX) as template for the separation of fluoroquinolones (FQs). Benefiting from the living/controlled nature of RAFT reaction, distinct core-shell structure was successfully constructed. The highly uniform nanoscale MIP layer was homogeneously grafted on the surface of RAFT agent TTCA modified Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles, which favors the fast mass transfer and rapid binding kinetics. The target binding assays demonstrate the desirable adsorption capacity and imprinting efficiency of Fe3O4@MIP. High selectivity of Fe3O4@MIP toward FQs (ofloxacin, pefloxacin, enrofloxacin, norfloxacin, and gatifloxacin) was exhibited by competitive binding assay. The Fe3O4@MIP nanoparticles were successfully applied for the direct enrichment of five FQs from human urine. The spiked human urine samples were determined and the recoveries ranging from 83.1 to 103.1% were obtained with RSD of 0.8-8.2% (n = 3). This work provides a versatile approach for the fabrication of well-defined MIP on nanomaterials for the analysis of complicated biosystems
Template and target information: ofloxacin, OFX, fluoroquinolines, pefloxacin, enrofloxacin, norfloxacin, gatifloxacin

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