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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Du X, Zhang H, Hao XG, Guan GQ, Abudula A
Article Title: Facile Preparation of Ion-Imprinted Composite Film for Selective Electrochemical Removal of Nickel(II) Ions.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volume: 6
Issue: (12)
Page numbers: 9543-9549.
DOI: 10.1021/am501926u

Abstract: A facile unipolar pulse electropolymerization (UPEP) technique is successfully applied for the preparation of ion-imprinted composite film composed of ferricyanide-embedded conductive polypyrrole (FCN/PPy) for the selective electrochemical removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater. The imprinted heavy metal ions are found to be easily removed in situ from the growing film only by tactfully applying potential oscillation due to the unstable coordination of FCN to the imprinted ions. The obtained Ni2+ ion-imprinted FCN/PPy composite film shows fast uptake/release ability for the removal of Ni2+ ions from aqueous solution, and the adsorption equilibrium time is less than 50 s. The ion exchange capacity reaches 1.298 mmol g-1 and retains 93.5% of its initial value even after 1000 uptake/release cycles. Separation factors of 6.3, 5.6, and 6.2 for Ni2+/Ca2+, Ni2+/K+, and Ni2+/Na+, respectively, are obtained. These characteristics are attributed to the high identification capability of the ion-imprinted composite film for the target ions and the dual driving forces resulting from both PPy and FCN during the redox process. It is expected that the present method can be used for simple preparation of other ion-imprinted composite films for the separation and recovery of target heavy metal ions as well
Template and target information: nickel ion, Ni(II)

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