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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Moret J, Moreira FTC, Almeida SAA, Sales MGF
Article Title: New molecularly-imprinted polymer for carnitine and its application as ionophore in potentiometric selective membranes.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: Materials Science and Engineering: C
Volume: 43
Page numbers: 481-487.
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2014.07.056
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0928493114004640

Abstract: Carnitine (CRT) is a biological metabolite found in urine that contributes in assessing several disease conditions, including cancer. Novel quick screening procedures for CRT are therefore fundamental. This work proposes a novel potentiometric device where molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were used as ionophores. The host-tailored sites were imprinted on a polymeric network assembled by radical polymerization of methacrylic acid (MAA) and trimethylpropane trimethacrylate (TRIM). Non-imprinted polymers (NIPs) were produced as control by removing the template from the reaction media. The selective membrane was prepared by dispersing MIP or NIP particles in plasticizer and poly(vinyl chloride), PVC, and casting this mixture over a solid contact support made of graphite. The composition of the selective membrane was investigated with regard to kind/amount of sensory material (MIP or NIP), and the need for a lipophilic additive. Overall, MIP sensors with additive exhibited the best performance, with near-Nernstian response down to ~ 1 x 10-4 mol L-1, at pH 5, and a detection limitof ~ 8 x 10-5 mol L-1. Suitable selectivity was found for all membranes, assessed by the matched potential method against some of the most common species in urine (urea, sodium, creatinine, sulfate, fructose and hemoglobin). CRT selective membranes including MIP materials were applied successfully to the potentiometric determination of CRT in urine samples
Template and target information: carnitine, CRT
Author keywords: Carnitine, molecularly-imprinted polymer, sensor, Potentiometry, urine


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