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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Rajabi HR, Shamsipur M, Zahedi MM, Roushani M
Article Title: On-line flow injection solid phase extraction using imprinted polymeric nanobeads for the preconcentration and determination of mercury ions.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 259
Page numbers: 330-337.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.08.025
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1385894714010791

Abstract: This work reports a new analytical method for the preconcentration and determination of Hg2+ ions based on flow injection technique coupled with a solid phase extraction process. Hg2+ ion imprinted polymeric (IIP) nanomaterials were prepared by using the bulk polymerization procedure, and then applied as an efficient solid phase extractor for selective separation of Hg2+ ions. The prepared sorbent was characterized using FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), various thermal analysis methods, and Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller adsorption isotherm analysis (BET). According to the results, surface area, pore volume and average pore diameter of the prepared Hg-IIP were found to be 3.05 x 102 m2 g-1, 1.07 cm3 g-1 and 15.33 nm, respectively. In the sorption studies, after preconcentration and loading of Hg2+ ions on the IIP sorbent, its mercury content was eluted by suitable solution and then determined photometrically, by a designed on-line recording process coupled with a flow injection procedure. The influence of the mercury concentration, preconcentration and elution times, nature, volume, and concentration of the eluent, pH, and flow rate of the solution and eluent on the polymer affinity has been investigated. Bound Hg2+ ions can be eluted with 5 mL of nitric acid 1.0 mol L-1 and then treated with diphenylthiocarbazone, finally quantified photometrically at 485 nm. The relative standard deviation and detection limit (3σ) of the method for eight replicates at optimum pH, were evaluated as 4.2% and 0.036 ng mL-1, respectively. The IIP sorbent show an excellent selectivity for Hg2+ ion over other metal ions and was successfully applied to the selective extraction and determination of Hg2+ ion in water and human hair samples
Template and target information: mercury ion, Hg(II)
Author keywords: Ion-imprinted polymeric nanoparticles, Mercury ion, flow injection analysis, On-line determination, dithizone

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