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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Huang CY, O'Hare D, Chao IJ, Wei HW, Liang YF, Liu BD, Lee MH, Lin HY
Article Title: Integrated potentiostat for electrochemical sensing of urinary 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid with molecularly imprinted poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol).
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 67
Page numbers: 208-213.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2014.08.018
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095656631400606X

Abstract: Changing demographics, the rise of personalized medicine and increased identification of biomarkers for diagnosis and management of chronic disease have increased the demand for portable bioanalytical instrumentation and point-of-care. The recent development of molecularly imprinted polymers enables production of low cost and highly stable sensing chips; however, the commercially available and full functional instruments employed for electrochemical analysis have shortcomings in actual homecare applications. In this work, integrated circuits (ICs) for monolithic implementation of voltammeter potentiostat with a large dynamic current range (5 nA to 1.2 mA) and short conversion time (10 ms) were fabricated in a 0.35 μm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process. The new instrumentation was tested with molecular imprinted sensors for 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3HAA) in urine. The sensor consisted of molecular imprinted of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol)s (abbreviated as EVALs) for implementation in a flow injection analysis system. The EVAL containing 32 ethylene mol% had the highest imprinting effectiveness for the target molecules. Fit-for-purpose figures of merit were achieved with a limit-of-detection (LOD) of 3.06 pg/mL. The measurements obtained in real undiluted urine samples fell within the reference concentration range of 50-550 ng/mL
Template and target information: 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, 3HAA
Author keywords: Integrated potentiostat, molecularly imprinting, Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol), urine, 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid

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