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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Zhu WJ, Ma W, Li CX, Pan JM, Dai XH
Article Title: Well-designed multihollow magnetic imprinted microspheres based on cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) stabilized Pickering double emulsion polymerization for selective adsorption of bifenthrin.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 276
Page numbers: 249-260.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.04.084
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1385894715005744

Abstract: In our study, the multihollow magnetic imprinted microspheres (HM-IMs) were synthesized by Pickering double water in oil in water (w1/o/w2) emulsion polymerization. In w1/o/w2 emulsion, hydrophobic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were used to stabilize the inner water in oil (w1/o) droplets. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), which were acquired from cotton source by acid hydrolysis process, were used as stabilizer on the outer oil in water (o/w2) interface. The template bifenthrin (BF) and functional monomer were contained in oil phase. The imprinting process was conducted by thermally initiated radical polymerization of functional and cross-linked monomers. The multihollow structure was well-designed by adjusting amounts of stabilizers and degree of emulsification. Characterization results indicated that the Pickering double w1/o/w2 emulsion and HM-IMs were successfully produced. The as-prepared sorbents possessed thermal stability (below 250 C) and enough magnetic sensitivity (Ms = 0.46 emu g-1). The sorbents were used to selectively adsorb template BF. The adsorption equilibrium was fitted well by Langmuir isothermal model, indicating the monolayer molecular adsorption for BF. And pseudo-second-order kinetics model gave a better fit to the kinetic data, suggesting that the chemical process could be the rate-limiting step in the adsorption of BF. The selective recognition capability for template BF of HM-IMs sorbents was proved to be excellent compared with structural analogs. And the HM-IMs presented good dynamic adsorption performance for BF and the fixed bed adsorption conditions were tunable. The regeneration ability of the sorbents was also proved to be satisfying by five repeated adsorption-desorption cycles
Template and target information: bifenthrin, BF
Author keywords: bifenthrin, Cellulose nanocrystals, Pickering double emulsion polymerization, Multihollow magnetic imprinted microsphere, selective adsorption

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