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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Brunet E
Article Title: Asymmetric induction under confinement.
Publication date: 2002
Journal: Chirality
Volume: 14
Issue: (2-3)
Page numbers: 135-143.
DOI: 10.1002/chir.10054
Alternative URL: http://www.uam.es/departamentos/ciencias/qorg/investigacion/lumin/chir_02_14_136.pdf

Abstract: Confinement may efficiently condition the stereochemical outcome of a reaction through space constriction and molecular close contact. This article briefly reviews recent approaches of supramolecular chemistry to achieve chiral confinement. Crystallization is not always possible and the use of chiral crystals or clathrates lacks generality. The construction of solid supramolecular assemblies circumvents some of the problems of the crystal chemistry. In this regard, molecular imprinting of polymeric matrices with orifices mimicking the transition state of an enantioselective process is a very young, promising technique. Zeolites provide porous, rigid environments to host molecules without the need of lucky crystallizations, yet zeolites are not chiral per se and must be chirally modified. Besides, the limited dimension of their pores restricts the size of the guest molecules. Despite these problems, useful asymmetric photochemical reactions have been performed on zeolites. Finally, the formation of pillared lamellar structures, from inorganic salts of tetravalent transition metals covalently grafted with organic chains, is considered. The adequate selection of functionality and chirality of the organic pillars would afford custom-made, highly porous, 3D hybrid organo-inorganic scaffolds. However, the production of asymmetric processes within these layered materials still remains to be seen. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc

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