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Reference type: Book Chapter
Authors: Chen YC, Brazier JJ, Yan MD, Prahl SA
Publication date: 2004
Chapter title: Evaluation of molecularly imprinted polyurethane as an optical waveguide for PAH sensing.
Page numbers: 513-520.
DOI: 10.1117/12.570539 Alternative URL: http://www.bme.ogi.edu/~prahl/pubs/pdf/chen04d.pdf

Book title: Nanosensing: Materials And Devices
Editors: Islam MS, Dutta AK
Publisher: The International Society for Optical Engineering
Series title: Proceedings of SPIE
Volume number: 5593

Abstract: We developed a numerical model for the fluorescence output efficiency of a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) waveguide sensing system. A polyurethane waveguide imprinted with a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecule was fabricated using micromolding in capillaries. The coupling of light into a 5 mm long MIP segment was verified by comparing the output transmission signals of a deuterium lamp from the MIP waveguide collected by, an optical fiber with the background lamp signals collected by the same optical fiber. It was found that polyurethane MIP was an effective waveguide but absorbed much shorter wavelengths, especially ill the UV region. thereby the transmission of light appeared orange/red in color. The high background absorption of polyurethane in the spectrometric regions of interest was found to be a critical problem for sensor sensitivity. Our numerical model shows that the fluorescence output is only 2 X 10(-6) of the input excitation for 25 mM anthracene for a 5mm polyurethane waveguide. A 10 fold decrease of background absorption will increase the fluorescence output 250 times

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