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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Habib MK
Article Title: Controlled biological and biomimetic systems for landmine detection.
Publication date: 2007
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 23
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 1-18.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2007.05.005
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TFC-4NWCD8V-2/2/cf5b8b681116e8cec6b26f9614fc2b60

Abstract: Humanitarian demining requires to accurately detect, locate and deactivate every single landmine and other buried mine-like objects as safely and as quickly as possible, and in the most non-invasive manner. The quality of landmine detection affects directly the efficiency and safety of this process. Most of the available methods to detect explosives and landmines are limited by their sensitivity and/or operational complexities. All landmines leak with time small amounts of their explosives that can be found on surrounding ground and plant life. Hence, explosive signatures represent the robust primary indicator of landmines. Accordingly, developing innovative technologies and efficient techniques to identify in real-time explosives residue in mined areas represents an attractive and promising approach. Biological and biologically inspired detection technology has the potential to compete with or be used in conjunction with other artificial technology to complement performance strengths. Biological systems are sensitive to many different scents concurrently, a property that has proven difficult to replicate artificially. Understanding biological systems presents unique opportunities for developing new capabilities through direct use of trained bio-systems, integration of living and non-living components, or inspiring new design by mimicking biological capabilities. It is expected that controlled bio-systems, biotechnology and microbial techniques will contribute to the advancement of mine detection and other application domains. This paper provides directions, evaluation and analysis on the progress of controlled biological and biomimetic systems for landmine detection. It introduces and discusses different approaches developed, underlining their relative advantages and limitations, and highlighting trends, safety and ecology concern, and possible future directions
Template and target information: Review - systems for landmine detection
Author keywords: Mine detection, Humanitarian demining, biomimetic, Biosensors, Landmines, Genetically engineered, Bio-systems

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