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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Turiel E, Martin-Esteban A, Tadeo JL
Article Title: Molecular imprinting-based separation methods for selective analysis of fluoroquinolones in soils.
Publication date: 2007
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1172
Issue: (2)
Page numbers: 97-104.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.10.003
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TG8-4PW05BM-H/2/e199815397e6c87a7080ce357b1408fb

Abstract: Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for fluoroquinolone antibiotics (FQs) have been synthesised in one single preparative step by precipitation polymerisation using ciprofloxacin (CIP) as template. Combinations of methacrylic acid (MAA) or 4-vinylpyridine (VP) as functional monomers, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as crosslinker and dichloromethane, methanol, acetonitrile or toluene as porogens were tested. The experiments carried out by molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) in cartridges did not allow to detect any imprint effect in the VP-based polymers whereas it was clearly observed in the MAA-based polymers. Among them, the MIP prepared in methanol using MAA as monomer showed the best performance and was chosen for further experiments. The ability of the selected MIP for the selective recognition of other widely used FQs (enoxacin, norfloxacin, danofloxacin and enrofloxacin) and quinolones (Qs) (cinoxacin, flumequine, nalidixic acid and oxolinic acid) was evaluated. The obtained results revealed the high selectivity of the obtained polymer, which was able to distinguish between FQs, that were recognised and retained onto the MIP cartridge, and Qs, which were washed out during loading and washing steps. The MIP was then packed into a stainless steel column (50 mm x 4.6 mm i.d.) and evaluated as chromatography column for screening of FQs in soil samples. The mobile phase composition, flow rate, and the elution profile were then optimised in order to improve peak shape without sacrifying imprinting factor. Finally, under optimised conditions, soil samples spiked with CIP or with a mixture of fluoroquinolones in concentration of 0.5 μg g-1 were successfully analysed by the developed MIP-based procedures
Template and target information: fluoroquinolone antibiotics, FQs, enoxacin, norfloxacin, danofloxacin, enrofloxacin
Author keywords: Molecularly imprinted polymers, Solid-phase extraction cartridges, screening, Fluoroquinolones

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