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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Carboni D, Flavin K, Servant A, Gouverneur V, Resmini M
Article Title: The First Example of Molecularly Imprinted Nanogels with Aldolase Type I Activity.
Publication date: 2008
Journal: Chemistry - A European Journal
Volume: 14
Issue: (23)
Page numbers: 7059-7065.
DOI: 10.1002/chem.200800675

Abstract: The molecular-imprinting approach was used to obtain a nanogel preparation capable of catalysing the cross-aldol reaction between 4-nitrobenzaldehyde and acetone. A polymerisable proline derivative was used as the functional monomer to mimic the enamine-based mechanism of aldolase type I enzymes. The diketone template used to create the cavity was designed to imitate the intermediate of the aldol reaction and was bound to the functional monomer using a reversible covalent interaction prior to polymerisation. By using a high-dilution polymerisation method, soluble imprinted nanogels were prepared with dimensions similar to those of an enzyme and with the advantage of solubility and flexibility previously unattainable with monolithic polymers. Following template removal and estimation of active-site concentrations, the kinetic characterisation of both imprinted and non-imprinted nanogels was carried out with catalyst concentrations between 0.7 and 3.5 mol %. Imprinted nanogel AS147 was found to have a kcat value of 0.25×10-2 min-1, the highest value ever achieved with imprinted polymers catalysing C&bond;C bond formation. Comparison of the catalytic constants for both imprinted nanogel AS147 and non-imprinted nanogel AS133 gave a ratio of kcat  147/kcat  133=18.8, which is indicative of good imprinting efficiency and highlights the significance of the template during the imprinting process. This work represents a significant demonstration of the superiority of nanogels, when the molecular-imprinting approach is used, over ldquobulkrdquo polymers for the generation of catalysts
Template and target information: 1-(4-(4-Nitrophenyl)-4-oxobut-2-en-2-yl)-N-(4-vinylphenylsulfonyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
Author keywords: aldol reaction, enzyme catalysis, enzyme mimics, molecular imprinting, nanostructures


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